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Cetatea Sighişoarei

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Centrul vechi din Sighisoara

Cetatea Sighişoarei este  cea mai spectaculoasă şi mai bine păstrată cetate medievală din Transilvania. Anumite scrieri istorice vorbesc despre întemeierea aşezării cândva la sfârşitul secolului al XII-lea, însă prima atestare documentară datează din anul 1280, când Sighişoara este menţionată într-un document sub denumirea de Castrum Sex. După cucerirea Transilvaniei de către maghiari, regele Geza al II-lea va aduce în zonele limitrofe colonişti germani care întemeiază aşezări şi se implică în apărarea graniţelor regatului. Printre aceste aşezări ale saşilor, întemeiate în decursul secolelor XII-XIII, se numără şi Sighişoara. Saşii erau naţiune privilegiată în Transilvania, cu dreptul de proprietate garantat de regalitate, iar în secolul al XIV-lea scaunele săseşti vor primi autonomie teritorială deplină, având o organizare independentă de cea a statului maghiar.

Vezi panorama cetății aici.

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